Bleeding gums result from gum disease or gingivitis. The gums will look red and swollen and may bleed when one brushes or flosses. The pediatric dentist will examine your child’s gums and will look for calculus deposits on the teeth and under the gum line. The dentist will then start you and your child on a program of good oral hygiene. If oral hygiene remains poor, gingivitis will likely remain. Gingivitis then may progress to periodontitis. Dr. Fishman recommends that the parent play an active role in the oral regimen until the child is 7 yrs old. Also, it is recommended that your child be seen every six months to ensure proper dental health.